CLASS A (SOLIDS)
Class A fires are associated with solids, some examples of solids include cardboard & paper which are very commonly seen in warehouses. Other commonly seen places would be offices and homes are furniture. Class A fires are being regarded as one of the most common types of fire that is difficult to stop. Always be aware of your surroundings and remove any solids that catch fires easily away from the heat source.In the event of a Class A Fire, be sure to use an AB Dry Powder Fire Extinguisher to safely extinguish it.
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CLASS B (LIQUIDS)
Class B fires are associated with liquids. Some examples of flammable liquids are fuels, petrol, chemicals & also cleaning fluids. By making sure that your company does review its risk assessment.
According to the Ministry Of Manpower (MOM):
In the event of a Class B Fire, be sure to use an AB Dry Powder, foam or even CO2 to extinguish it.
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Class C (Gases)
Class C fires are associated with gases. Some examples of gases are LPG gas, natural gas and usually the types of gases that would form a flammable & explosive atmosphere. When working around stored gases, make sure that experienced supervision is available as a workspace with gases increases the risk of fire breaking out. The proper method to deal with class C fires is to completely shut off the source of gas supply. After the gas is cut off, use an AB Fire extinguisher to extinguish any other remaining fire only after the gas is cut off.
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Class D (Metals)
Class C fires are associated with metals. Some examples of metals are sodium, potassium, uranium, lithium, plutonium and calcium. The most common Class D fires involve magnesium and titanium. Did you know that when you use water to put out class D fires, it helps speed up the process of burning instead of reducing it? So how can we put out Class D fires? Here is when Class D fire extinguishers, filled with sodium chloride, copper, or Class D specific dry powder fire extinguishers come in handy. In some cases, you will be able to extinguish some of the metal fires using some dirt and sand.
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Since electricity is more of a source of ignition rather than a fuel of fire, electrical fires are not classified as Class E Fires. By ensuring that all electrical equipment is being installed properly & also conducting regular maintenance checks are ways to reduce the risk of a fire breaking out. Do be very aware not to use water to extinguish electrical fire and water is a great conductor of electricity. Always shut off the power supply if possible, if not you can use fire extinguishers such as AB dry powder or a CO2 Fire Extinguisher to extinguish an electrical fire.
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Class F fires are associated with cooking fats & oils. Some examples are vegetable oil, fats, animal oil, cooking equipment and fats as well. Regarded as one of the most common classes of fires in Singapore, class F fires are mostly caused by unattended cooking & also cooking faulty equipment. For those who cook regularly, you must ensure that your cooking equipment is safe enough before you start using them. Be more responsible when you are cooking such as being more alert when you cook to prevent it from being burnt. In the event of a fire, the wet chemical fire extinguisher & fire blanket is available for you.
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